• November 15, 2017 /  Uncategorized

    Amos

    Name means Burden or Burden-bearer.  Amos tended sheep and sycamore figs – likely a poor man.

    Main Idea(s)

    Israel is a nation filled with wealthy people who do what they want and don’t want to hear the Word of God.  God will be a roaring lion to them, if they might be properly frightened into returning, but they will not listen.

    Target: Mostly about Israel, but Amos was from Judah

    Time Period

    • Contemporary of Hosea, Isaiah and Micah, and maybe Joel.
    • The book takes place in the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah.

    Famous verses and fragments

    3:3, 3:6-7, 5:18-20, 5:24, 8:11-12

    Notes

    Chapters 1-2   Total Judgment on the Near East

    1. Syria – attacking Israel , the judgment is exile
    2. Philistia – 2Chr 21:16, the judgment is destruction
    3. Tyre – possibly same incident; Hiram – destruction
    4. Edom – Hatred of Israel; Envy; Wrath – destruction
    5. Ammon – brutal attacks on Israel – exile
    6. Moab – revenge for 2Ki 3:27 against Edom – destruction
    7. Judah – rejected the Law of the Lord – exile
    8. Israel –
      • slavery, cruelty, adultery, idolatry
      • appeals to past care of Israel
      • Silencing the prophets
      • Leading to destruction and exile

    Themes

    • For Three transgressions and Four, I will not turn away its punishment
    • Sennacherib and Nebuchadnezzar level the Near East
    • Judges the others, then comes in for the target, Israel
    • Not exhaustive but representative sins

     

    Chapters 3-6     Calls for Repentance

    1. 3-4 The Case and the Warning Shots
      1. What do you think about verse 3:2?
      2. What is the point of the questions in 3:3-6?
      3. How can 3:7 be abused?
      4. Why go proclaim in foreign lands? 3:9
      5. How bad will the destruction be?
      6. 4:1-5 – What’s the attitude of the well-off in Israel?
      7. Fivefold “yet you have not returned to me.”
      8. What do verses 4:12-13 tell us about God?
    2. 5:1-17 The Lament
      1. V 1-3, how bad will it be?
      2. What is he telling them to avoid in v 4-7?
      3. 5:8-9 Why does God appeal to his roles as Creator and Sustainer to support his judgment?
      4. V 10-15, what sins are rebuked, and what does God ask them to do?
    3. 5:16-6:14 You don’t really want the Day of the Lord…
      1. What do verses 5:16-20 tell you about the Day of the Lord?
      2. V 21-27 What does God think of their worship?
      3. 6:1-8 What does God think of their personal peace and affluence?
      4. What does 6:9-10 mean?
      5. 6:11-14 What will the judgment be?

    Chapters 7-9    Five Visions

    1. Locusts, Fire, and Plumb Line – what is the point of these three visions as a group?
    2. Interaction with Amaziah – what is Amaziah’s point? Amos’ response?
    3. Basket of Summer Fruit – must be used immediately – God will not delay
      1. What problems does God have with their religiosity? What will He do?
      2. What is a famine of hearing the words of the Lord? 8:11-12
    4. The Lord at the Altar
      1. 9:1-4 What does He threaten?
      2. V 5-6 On what basis, or because He is what?
      3. V 7-10 Why does God recall what he did for Israel?

    Restoration – 9:11-15

    1. Who will God restore?
    2. Why?
    3. Will the blessing be great or small?
    4. What great promises are given?
  • November 6, 2017 /  Uncategorized

    Joel

    Name means The Lord is God

    Main Idea(s)

    God uses a disaster of locusts and perhaps a few other things to get the attention of Judah over her sins.  He call them to repent.  When they repent, he blesses them.  There is a greater blessing, and greater judgment coming.

    Day of the Lord – 1:15, 2:1, 2:11, 2:31, 3:14

    Target: Judah

    Time Period

    • We don’t know
    • Possibly the same time as Amos, Hosea, Isaiah and Micah, which would place it in the reign of Jeroboam II
    • Between books of Hosea and Amos, which are the same time period – see Amos 4:6-10

    Famous verses and fragments

    2:13, 2:25, 2:28-32, 3:14

    Notes

    Chapters 1-2:11 The Total Disaster of the Day of the Lord

    • What nation is this about?
    • Is it a judgment for sin?
    • V 8 – Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth for the husband of her youth
    • V 9 – Bad enough that the House of the Lord is not offering
    • Priests, elders – Corporate repentance, fast, solemn assembly because of the Day of the Lord
    • No crops, animals dying
    • Locusts or men in Chapter 2?

    Chapter 2:12-17 A Call to Repentance

    • Intensity
    • Corporate and individual repentance
    • Everyone must come, even those recently married
    • V 17 – Priests appeal to the Lord for His honor

    Chapter 2:18-27 Mercy Given

    • Blessings of Food, Water, for man and beast
    • V 20 – Assyrians?
    • Restoring the losses from the locusts
    • So that we might know God

    Chapters 2:28-3:21 The Greater Day of the Lord Revealed – the Judgment of the Nations

    • Quoted in NT
      • Ac 2:16-21
      • Spirit on all flesh
      • V 30-31 – God changes the order of things
      • Christ will come to save Jew and Gentile alike
    • 3:1 – Bring the exiles of Judah and Jerusalem – the people of God
    • 3:2 – Valley of Blessing (2Chr 20) or Judgment?
    • 3:3-13 He judges the sins of the nations
      • 3-6 Note the sins
      • 7-8 Judgment
      • 9-13 They try to fight God
    • 3:14 – God is deciding about the nations – the Day of the Lord
    • 3:15 – God is changing things: there will be a final judgment
    • 3:16 – God saves his own people, but not the heathen. The land will be holy, and they will know that the Lord is God.
    • V 21 – Salvation “And I have declared their blood innocent, That I did not declare innocent, And Jehovah is dwelling in Zion!”