Name means Burden or Burden-bearer. Amos tended sheep and sycamore figs – likely a poor man.
Israel is a nation filled with wealthy people who do what they want and don’t want to hear the Word of God. God will be a roaring lion to them, if they might be properly frightened into returning, but they will not listen.
Target: Mostly about Israel, but Amos was from Judah
- Contemporary of Hosea, Isaiah and Micah, and maybe Joel.
- The book takes place in the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah.
Famous verses and fragments
3:3, 3:6-7, 5:18-20, 5:24, 8:11-12
Chapters 1-2 Total Judgment on the Near East
- Syria – attacking Israel , the judgment is exile
- Philistia – 2Chr 21:16, the judgment is destruction
- Tyre – possibly same incident; Hiram – destruction
- Edom – Hatred of Israel; Envy; Wrath – destruction
- Ammon – brutal attacks on Israel – exile
- Moab – revenge for 2Ki 3:27 against Edom – destruction
- Judah – rejected the Law of the Lord – exile
- Israel –
- slavery, cruelty, adultery, idolatry
- appeals to past care of Israel
- Silencing the prophets
- Leading to destruction and exile
- For Three transgressions and Four, I will not turn away its punishment
- Sennacherib and Nebuchadnezzar level the Near East
- Judges the others, then comes in for the target, Israel
- Not exhaustive but representative sins
Chapters 3-6 Calls for Repentance
- 3-4 The Case and the Warning Shots
- What do you think about verse 3:2?
- What is the point of the questions in 3:3-6?
- How can 3:7 be abused?
- Why go proclaim in foreign lands? 3:9
- How bad will the destruction be?
- 4:1-5 – What’s the attitude of the well-off in Israel?
- Fivefold “yet you have not returned to me.”
- What do verses 4:12-13 tell us about God?
- 5:1-17 The Lament
- V 1-3, how bad will it be?
- What is he telling them to avoid in v 4-7?
- 5:8-9 Why does God appeal to his roles as Creator and Sustainer to support his judgment?
- V 10-15, what sins are rebuked, and what does God ask them to do?
- 5:16-6:14 You don’t really want the Day of the Lord…
- What do verses 5:16-20 tell you about the Day of the Lord?
- V 21-27 What does God think of their worship?
- 6:1-8 What does God think of their personal peace and affluence?
- What does 6:9-10 mean?
- 6:11-14 What will the judgment be?
Chapters 7-9 Five Visions
- Locusts, Fire, and Plumb Line – what is the point of these three visions as a group?
- Interaction with Amaziah – what is Amaziah’s point? Amos’ response?
- Basket of Summer Fruit – must be used immediately – God will not delay
- What problems does God have with their religiosity? What will He do?
- What is a famine of hearing the words of the Lord? 8:11-12
- The Lord at the Altar
- 9:1-4 What does He threaten?
- V 5-6 On what basis, or because He is what?
- V 7-10 Why does God recall what he did for Israel?
Restoration – 9:11-15
- Who will God restore?
- Will the blessing be great or small?
- What great promises are given?